Joe "King" Oliver

New Orleans cornet player Joseph "King" Oliver, b. near Abend, La., May 11, 1885, d. Apr. 8, 1938, won his title for his technical proficiency, endurance, and melodic inventiveness. Oliver made two significant contributions to the history of jazz: his inimitable Creole Jazz Band was the first black ensemble to be recorded (1923); and his influence on the young Louis ARMSTRONG helped shape the renowned trumpeter's style and career.

Two of Oliver's most famous compositions, "Dippermouth Blues" and "West End Blues," are preserved in the Smithsonian Collection of Classic Jazz


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